What’s in Our Treaty

cedar1Please contact us to request a copy of our Pre-Agreement-in-Principle Fact Book for further information regarding the SXTA Treaty.

The Stó:lō Xwexwilmexw Treaty contains 28 Chapters under the following categories:

  • Lands
  • Governance
  • Language, Culture and Heritage

The following chapters are those that have been completed at Stage 4 Agreement-in-Principle. An Agreement-in-Principle (AiP) is a non-legally binding, initial agreement negotiated by Canada, BC, and the SXTA to move forward with treaty negotiations to define our rights.

The Agreement-in-Principle will be voted on by each of our First Nations’ Chiefs and Councils. The AiP outlines draft provisions in 22 chapters (of 28) of the treaty relating to self-governance, land and environment, community wellbeing, culture, and land management.


Treaty lands are identified in the Land and Financial offers at both the stages of Agreement-in-Principle (AiP) and the Final Agreement. The Land and Financial offer at AiP is based on Provincial Crown Lands only.
We will potentially have active participation in public and parks planning processes. We will be able to engage in management of culturally and spiritually significant areas that protect our health and well-being financially, physically, emotionally, spiritually, and culturally.
S’ólh Téméxw contains many forests that give us nourishment financially, spiritually, and culturally. We will be able to manage those resources located on our new lands, through law-making authority in respect to the forest resources, forest and range practices, manufacturing and exporting of timber resources harvested from our lands. We will still be able to hold our forestry licenses off our lands.
The right to harvest wildlife, including migratory birds, for domestic and cultural purposes will not change. We will have law-making powers over our harvesting practices. Wildlife harvesting, as a guaranteed right of First Nations, is respected on and off Treaty Settlement Lands (TSL). Off TSL, we will be included in conservation, regional management, guiding, and information sharing that further protect our rights in our territory.
We will have an active role in the management of parks and protected areas off our Treaty lands, including participation in the public management and planning practices of Canada or British Columbia. Parks 1
Governance includes authority and responsibility over our:
  • Children and family
  • Marriage
  • Adoption
  • Child custody, child protections services, and child care
  • Education
  • Membership and citizenship
  • Registration of laws
  • Traditional medicine and traditional healers
  • Justice
Our government will work with the neighbouring regional and municipal governments to share information, create servicing agreements, and work together to build strong aspects of inclusion, participation, and collaboration.
We will define the terms and conditions by which a person may become a member of the Stó:lō Xwexwilmexw Treaty Nation, and receive benefits of the treaty, prior to treaty and post treaty, with an openness to our kin and to our new families.
SXTA First Nation members will vote on the Final Agreement, your Treaty.
Taxation of property, goods, and personal and corporate income is a way to fund government programs for children and family, health and medicine, education, and economic development, as much of the taxation dollars received by BC and Canada will be returned to our government. We will have shared revenues from BC and Canada’s taxation that will provide our government with monies to run programs and services necessary to increase the standard of living of our community members, you.
We will have the constitutionally protected right to practice our language and culture, and protect our culture and cultural sites, objects, artifacts and education through law making. We will be able to participate in the management of our cultural and heritage sites both on and off our Treaty Lands.